Journal Information
Vol. 25. Issue 3.
Pages 231-366 (01 May 2021)
Handheld dynamometers for muscle strength assessment: pitfalls, misconceptions, and facts
Marco Antonio Cavalcanti Garcia, Diogo Simões Fonseca, Victor Hugo Souza
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:231-2
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Systematic review
Factors associated with the reporting quality of low back pain systematic review abstracts in physical therapy: a methodological study
Dafne Port Nascimento, Gabrielle Zoldan Gonzalez, Amanda Costa Araujo, Anne Moseley, Christopher Maher, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:233-41
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Original research
Current clinical practice and return-to-sport criteria after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a survey of Brazilian physical therapists
Cecilia Ferreira Aquino, Juliana Melo Ocarino, Vanessa Aparecida Cardoso, Renan Alves Resende, Thales Rezende Souza, Laís Menezes Rabelo, Sérgio Teixeira Fonseca
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:242-50

  • Most Brazilian physical therapists do not use the recommended criteria for return to sport after ACLR.

  • Specialty certification in sports physical therapy contributes to the use of the recommended criteria.

  • Psychological factors associated with ACLR are neglected by most Brazilian physical therapists.

  • Most Brazilian physical therapists do not use functional questionnaires after ACLR.

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Pulmonary and upper limbs function in children with early stage Duchenne muscular dystrophy compared to their healthy peers
Numan Bulut, Güllü Aydın, İpek Alemdaroğlu-Gürbüz, Ayşe Karaduman, Öznur Yılmaz
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:251-5

  • Pulmonary and upper limbs function start deteriorating in the early stages of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD).

  • The decline in pulmonary function is more significant than the decline in upper limbs function in DMD.

  • Functional status can be followed by comparing healthy peers in each stage of DMD.

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Pelvic floor muscle tenderness on digital palpation among women: convergent validity with central sensitization
Brittany Vandyken, Alexzandra Keizer, Carolyn Vandyken, Luciana G. Macedo, Ayse Kuspinar, Sinéad Dufour
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:256-61

  • Convergent validity between PFM tenderness and central pain mechanisms.

  • Poor agreement between pelvic floor muscle tenderness and self-reported symptoms.

  • When PFM tenderness on digital palpation is present, screen for central pain mechanisms.

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The usage of multidisciplinary physical therapies at the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Olympic Summer Games: an observational study
Marie-Elaine Grant, Kathrin Steffen, Debbie Palmer
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:262-70

  • A multidisciplinary team approach was evident in athlete healthcare in the Olympic Polyclinic.

  • The majority of the athlete encounters had an average of 2.9 different treatment modalities.

  • Athletes reported “injury” as the main reason for physical therapy visits (2.8 encounters/athlete).

  • Most of total immersion ice bath visits (98%) were for recovery purposes.

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Back pain attitudes questionnaire: Cross-cultural adaptation to brazilian-portuguese and measurement properties
Roberto Costa Krug, JP Caneiro, Daniel Cury Ribeiro, Ben Darlow, Marcelo Faria Silva, Jefferson Fagundes Loss
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:271-80

  • Back-PAQ-Br is a questionnaire that evaluates attitudes and beliefs about back pain

  • Back-PAQ-Br has measurement properties that are similar to the original version

  • Back-PAQ-Br is reliable and valid to assess attitudes and beliefs about back pain

  • Back-PAQ-Br can assess people with and without back pain, and healthcare professionals

  • Back-PAQ-Br can be used in research and in the clinical setting

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Arm span as a predictor of the six-minute walk test in healthy children
Buse Ozcan Kahraman, Ertugrul Yuksel, Abdurrahman Nalbant, Umut Ziya Kocak, Bayram Unver
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:281-5

  • 6MWT is the most frequent and well-established test used in clinical settings and research.

  • 6MWT distance has strong positive association with age, arm span, height, and weight.

  • Arm span, similar to height, is a strong predictor of 6MWT distance in healthy children.

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Use of the STarT Back Screening Tool in patients with chronic low back pain receiving physical therapy interventions
Flávia Cordeiro Medeiros, Evelyn Cassia Salomão, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Diego Galace de Freitas, Thiago Yukio Fukuda, Renan Lima Monteiro, Marco Aurélio Nemitalla Added, Alessandra Narciso Garcia, Lucíola da Cunha Menezes Costa
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:286-95

  • The SBST can be used to stratify baseline characteristics in patients with chronic LBP.

  • Outcomes over a 6-month period were consistently greater in high risk patients.

  • The SBST itself predicts disability in both short and medium terms.

  • The SBST does not add predictive value to basic baseline characteristics.

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Physical activity and inactivity among different body composition phenotypes in individuals with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Lorena P. Schneider, Larissa G. Sartori, Felipe V.C. Machado, Daniele Dala Pola, Diery Fernandes Rugila, Raquel P. Hirata, Mariana P. Bertoche, Carlos A. Camillo, ... Fabio Pitta
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:296-302

  • Phenotypes of individuals with COPD vary according to body composition and (in)activity.

  • Different clinical impacts are present in patients according to these phenotypes.

  • Obesity associated to sarcopenia and inactivity is the most debilitating phenotype.

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Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Pediatric Scale to Brazilian Portuguese and determination of its measurement properties
Karoliny Lisandra Teixeira Cruz, Ana Cristina Resende Camargos, Juliana Cardoso, Cyntia Rogean de Jesus Alves de Baptista, Aline Duprat Ramos, Ana Claudia Mattiello-Sverzut, Joshua Burns, Hércules Ribeiro Leite
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:303-10

  • The CMTPedS-Br is culturally appropriate for the Brazilian population.

  • The CMTPedS-Br showed adequate reliability and face validity.

  • The CMTPedS-Br will allow Brazil to be part of multicentered studies on such a rare but debilitating condition.

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Obesity is associated with postural balance on unstable surfaces but not with fear of falling in older adults
Patrícia Azevedo Garcia, Letícia Lopes de Queiroz, Mônica Batista Duarte Caetano, Karla Helena Coelho Vilaça e Silva, Tânia Cristina Dias da Silva Hamu
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:311-8

  • Obesity in older adults is associated with postural imbalance on unstable surfaces.

  • Obesity in older adults is not associated with increased fear of falling.

  • Overweight is not associated with imbalance on unstable surfaces.

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Attitudes and beliefs on low back pain in physical therapy education: A cross-sectional study
Marijke Leysen, Jo Nijs, Paul Van Wilgen, Christophe Demoulin, Wim Dankaerts, Lieven Danneels, Lennard Voogt, Albère Köke, ... Nathalie Roussel
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:319-28

  • Guideline adherence for low back pain is very low among physical therapy students.

  • Fourth year students show more biopsychosocial beliefs and more guideline adherent recommendations than 2nd-year students.

  • Biomedical beliefs are associated with poor adherence to evidence based guidelines.

  • A personal history of low back pain is not associated with beliefs or attitudes.

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Preliminary evidence of an association between spontaneous kicking and learning in infants between 3–4 months of age
Chao-Ying Chen, Toni Harrison, Mike McNally, Jill C. Heathcock
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:329-35

  • Infants adopt their inter-limb kicking when learning a task.

  • Dissociated intra-joint (hip-ankle) coupling during kicking is measured.

  • External feedback may be a key to the development of lower extremity motor control.

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What is the foot strike pattern distribution in children and adolescents during running? A cross-sectional study
Bruno Augusto Giacomini, Tiê Parma Yamato, Alexandre Dias Lopes, Luiz Hespanhol
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:336-43

  • The distribution of foot strike patterns was predominantly rearfoot for shod and barefoot tests.

  • The running condition, speed, and type of footwear were associated with foot strike patterns.

  • Participants running shod were more likely to present a rearfoot pattern compared to those running barefoot.

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Epidemiology of chronic back pain among adults and elderly from Southern Brazil: a cross-sectional study
Elizabet Saes-Silva, Yohana Pereira Vieira, Mirelle de Oliveira Saes, Rodrigo Dalke Meucci, Priscila Aikawa, Ewerton Cousin, Letícia Maria Almeida da Silva, Samuel Carvalho Dumith
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:344-51

  • One in five individuals were affected by chronic back pain in the previous year.

  • The main factor associated with chronic back pain was higher level of stress.

  • The groups most affected were women, elderly, smokers, obese individuals, and those with fewer hours of sleep.

  • Chronic back pain worsen health perception, quality of life, and depressive symptoms.

  • Over a 12-month period, one third sought a physician and two third missed work because of back pain.

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Short communication
Inter-rater reliability of the Johns Hopkins Highest Level of Mobility Scale (JH-HLM) in the intensive care unit
Stephanie Hiser, Chi Ryang Chung, Amy Toonstra, Lisa Aronson Friedman, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Erik Hoyer, Dale M. Needham
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:352-5

  • The JH-HLM has excellent reliability when used by physical therapists in the ICU.

  • The JH-HLM has excellent reliability across several types of ICUs.

  • Trained physical therapists can use the JH-HLM to reliably measure observed patient mobility in the ICU.

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Clinical trial protocol
A contemporary neuroscience approach compared to biomedically focused education combined with symptom-contingent exercise therapy in people with chronic whiplash associated disorders: a randomized controlled trial protocol
Iris Coppieters, Ward Willaert, Dorine Lenoir, Mira Meeus, Barbara Cagnie, Kelly Ickmans, Anneleen Malfliet, Lieven Danneels, ... Jo Nijs
Braz J Phys Ther. 2021;25:356-66

  • Large trial studying a contemporary neuroscience therapy for chronic whiplash.

  • Trial integrating stress management in the neuroscience approach for whiplash.

  • Assess if a contemporary neuroscience therapy can decrease central sensitization.

  • This trial may provide new improved treatment guidelines for chronic whiplash.

  • This trial may be used as a basis for recommendations to health authorities.

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Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
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