Journal Information
Vol. 27. Issue 4.
(1 July 2023)
Phenotyping nociceptive, neuropathic, and nociplastic pain: who, how, & why?
Jo Nijs, Liesbet De Baets, Paul Hodges
Braz J Phys Ther. 2023;27:100537
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Systematic review
What are the unsupervised exercise adherence rates in clinical trials for knee osteoarthritis? A systematic review
Kristin M. Smith, B. James Massey, Jodi L. Young, Daniel I. Rhon
Braz J Phys Ther. 2023;27:100533

  • Exercise trials for knee osteoarthritis are not consistently collecting and reporting information about exercise adherence.

  • Without information about adherence, the understanding of true treatment effect sizes of exercise for individuals with knee osteoarthritis is limited.

  • Only 10.2% of trials provided a predetermined threshold of adequate adherence, and outcomes did not appear to differ in those who met the threshold. However, metrics, thresholds, and comparator groups were highly heterogeneous in these trials, limiting any conclusions.

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Are alterations in running biomechanics associated with running injuries? A systematic review with meta-analysis
Alexandre Dias Lopes, Angelie Mascarinas, Luiz Hespanhol
Braz J Phys Ther. 2023;27:100538

  • There is a weak association between running biomechanics and running-related injuries.

  • Very limited evidence supporting that running biomechanics is associated with injuries.

  • There is significant heterogeneity of methods in running biomechanics studies.

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Original research
Single-group studies in leading physical therapy journals commonly make inappropriate conclusions regarding treatment effect modifiers. A systematic review
Tayla J. Douglas, Elin Rosenberg Čemažar, Natasha C. Pocovi, Mark J. Hancock
Braz J Phys Ther. 2023;27:100520

  • 50.3% of included studies inappropriately reported treatment effect modifiers.

  • Inappropriate reporting varied substantially between physical therapy journals.

  • Inappropriate reporting was highest in the most recent period, 2018 – 2022 (59.6%).

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Open Article
Maximal respiratory pressures: Measurements at functional residual capacity in individuals with different health conditions using a digital manometer
Bruna M.F. Silveira, Henrique R. Martins, Giane A. Ribeiro-Samora, Luciano F. Oliveira, Eliane V. Mancuzo, Marcelo Velloso, Verônica F. Parreira
Braz J Phys Ther. 2023;27:100529

  • Inspiratory pressures were lower at FRC compared to RV in 5 health conditions.

  • Expiratory pressures were lower at FRC compared to TLC in 5 health conditions.

  • The mean differences between PImax at FRC and RV were similar among groups.

  • The mean differences between PEmax at FRC and TLC were similar among groups.

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Photobiomodulation does not provide incremental benefits to patients with knee osteoarthritis who receive a strengthening exercises program: a randomized controlled trial
Ana Elisa Serafim Jorge, Lucas Ogura Dantas, Francisco Aburquerque-Sendín, Angélica Viana Ferrari, Jonathan Emanuel Cunha, Glauko André de Figueiredo Dantas, Germanna Medeiros Barbosa, Paula Regina Mendes da Silva Serrão, Tania de Fátima Salvini
Braz J Phys Ther. 2023;27:100519

  • Adding photobiomodulation (PBM) to a strengthening exercise program did not improve clinical outcomes in patients with knee OA.

  • Patients did not receive incremental benefits from the use of PBM if they were already performing an individualized exercise treatment program.

  • PBM should not be used as first-line management for patients with knee OA.

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Effects of a foot-ankle muscle strengthening program on pain and function in individuals with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial
Glauko A.F. Dantas, Isabel C.N. Sacco, Angélica V. Ferrari, Alessandra B. Matias, Ricky Watari, Larissa V.M. Oliveira, Thainá R. Marcon, José A. Fatore, ... Tania F. Salvini
Braz J Phys Ther. 2023;27:100531

  • There is a lack of information about the effectiveness of foot-ankle muscle strengthening program on pain and functioning in people with KOA.

  • An 8-week foot-ankle muscle strengthening program decreased knee pain and enhanced physical function in individuals with KOA, presenting a potential to be clinically meaningful.

  • Foot-ankle muscle strengthening program can be a treatment option for individuals with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) who do not tolerate exercises with excessive load on the knee.

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Can language enhance physical therapists’ willingness to follow Choosing Wisely recommendations? A best-worst scaling study
Priti Kharel, Joshua R. Zadro, Giovanni Ferreira, Martin Howell, Kirsten Howard, Sally Wortley, Charlotte McLennan, Christopher G. Maher
Braz J Phys Ther. 2023;27:100534

  • Choosing Wisely recommendations could reduce low-value care in physical therapy.

  • Optimizing language could increase implementation of the recommendations.

  • Physical therapists were less willing to follow negatively framed recommendations.

  • They were most willing to follow recommendations with high detail.

  • They were more willing to follow recommendations with alternatives to low-value care.

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Open Article
Test-retest reliability of movement-evoked pain and sensitivity to movement-evoked pain in patients with rotator cuff-related shoulder pain
Sizhong Wang, Ramakrishnan Mani, Jiaxu Zeng, Cathy M Chapple, Daniel Cury Ribeiro
Braz J Phys Ther. 2023;27:100535

  • Movement-evoked pain is a reliable measure in people with shoulder pain.

  • Sensitivity to movement-evoked pain index derived from the studied MEP procedure is not a reliable measure in people with shoulder pain.

  • Other ways of assessing sensitivity to movement-evoked pain are warranted.

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Open Article
The influence of pain-related comorbidities on pain intensity and pain-related psychological distress in patients presenting with musculoskeletal pain
Steven L. Spoonemore, Ryan C. McConnell, William E. Owen, Jodi L. Young, Derek J. Clewley, Daniel I. Rhon
Braz J Phys Ther. 2023;27:100532

  • Pain-related comorbidities were not associated with pain-related psychological distress.

  • Female sex was found to be protective for pain-related psychological distress in this cohort.

  • Care seeking for depression, prior surgery, and seeking care for spinal pain (compared to lower extremity pain) were predictive of increased baseline pain intensity.

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Exploration of the clinical course of frozen shoulder: A longitudinal multicenter prospective study of functional impairments
Michel GCAM Mertens, Mira Meeus, Olivier Verborgt, Enrique Lluch Girbes, Silvia Mena-Del Horno, Marta Aguilar-Rodriguez, Lirios Dueñas, Santiago Navarro-Ledesma, ... Filip Struyf
Braz J Phys Ther. 2023;27:100539

  • Most functional impairments the patients experience improve in the short-term.

  • Shoulder rotation at 90° abduction continues to improve in the long-term.

  • Proprioception does not change in the clinical course of frozen shoulder.

  • Direct longitudinal correlations between functional impairments were established.

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Do patients undergoing physical therapy in a rehabilitation center have a high prevalence of pelvic floor dysfunction and psychological disorders? A cross–sectional study
Aura Maria Paternina De La Ossa, Camila Chizuto Catai, Samuel Lopes, Caroline Caetano Pena, Nicole Arantes De Paula, Ana Carolina Nociti Lopes Fernandes, Cristine Homsi Jorge
Braz J Phys Ther. 2023;27:100536

  • One in four participants reported more than one pelvic floor dysfunction.

  • Women reported more psychological problems and poor quality of life.

  • Weak correlation was found between urinary incontinence and symptoms of anxiety.

  • Weak correlation was found between quality of life and female urinary incontinence.

  • Risk factors for pelvic floor dysfunction: anxiety, old age, and female sex.

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Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
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